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Ophthalmologist vs Optometrist: What Is The Difference?

Monday, January 15th, 2018, 10:00 am

An eye doctor is an eye doctor right? Well, not really. Many patients confuse these two kinds of doctors and what they are able to do, diagnose, and treat. For certain situations you may want to see an Optometrist, but in other instances, an Ophthalmologist is best.

Ophthalmologist vs Optometrist: What Is The Difference

Knowing which type of eye doctor is the correct one for you may depend on your age, the symptoms, your family history, and the level of treatment you need.

An Ophthalmologist

The first thing to know about an Ophthalmologist is that he or she is a Medical Doctor, an MD. The second important piece of information is that they have studied eye medicine for a longer period than an Optometrist. :

  • 4 years of college

  • 4 years of Medical school

  • 1 year Internship

  • Minimum of 3 years Residency at a hospital

In general, an Ophthalmologist can diagnose, treat, and manage all eye diseases, prescribe medications, perform comprehensive eye examinations, and write prescriptions for glasses and contact lenses.

In addition to the level of training necessary to become an Ophthalmologist, a major difference is their ability to perform surgery. An Optometrist cannot. You can read Dr. Skouras’ bio here.

Some Ophthalmologists become Sub Specialists requiring a 1-2 year Fellowship at a Medical school. Examples would be: refractive surgery, pediatrics, glaucoma, and retina. Some Ophthalmologists conduct scientific research.

Lastly, it is recommended that by the age of 40 that patients see an Ophthalmologist once a year to diagnose any sight threatening eye diseases, especially those that run in the family.

An Optometrist

Optometrists are valuable partners for Ophthalmologists. You will see OD after their name referring to a Doctor of Optometry. They must complete a 4-year degree in Science followed by a 4-year degree from an accredited University School of Optometry.

They are considered primary care eye doctors and examine eyes for both vision and health issues. An Optometrist can prescribe medications, treat certain eye diseases, prescribe glasses and fit contact lenses.

Some Optometrists become specialists in areas like low vision and vision therapy. Dr. Byun here at Skouras Eye & Cosmetic Centre specializes in dry eye management, eye exams for children, diabetic visual assessment, computer vision issues, among others.

Both Ophthalmologists and Optometrists must fulfill continuing education (CE) classes to maintain licenses.

Best Of Both Worlds

Whatever kind of care you and your family require, you can find it at Skouras Eye & Cosmetic Centre. Dr. Skouras works closely with our on staff Optometrist to meet all your visual needs.

For any other questions about our many services,

contact us today.

About Dr Skouras

Dr. Skouras has been practising ophthalmology and Lasik in Toronto for 20 years. He completed his medical and ophthalmology training at the University of Toronto. For over a decade, Dr. Skouras has made refractive surgery a focus of his general ophthalmology practice and has worked with many of the lasers widely used today. Dr. Skouras emphasizes on providing only the best patient care and believes in using only the latest most advanced technology available to optimize his patients’ results.

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Category: General Eye Care

Hours of Operation

Monday: 8:30 a.m. – 4:30 p.m.
Tuesday: 8:30 a.m. – 4:30 p.m.
Wednesday: 8:30 a.m. – 4:30 p.m.
Thursday: 8:30 a.m. – 4:30 p.m.
Friday: 8:30 a.m. – 4:30 p.m.
Saturday: Closed
Sunday: Closed


20 Eglinton Ave W #1108, Toronto, ON M4R 1K8

Why Choose Skouras Eye & Cosmetic Centre for your Lasik Surgery?

As one of the leading comprehensive eye care facilities in Toronto, it’s easy to see why so many people choose Skouras Eye & Cosmetic Centre for their eye care and cosmetic treatment. Skouras Eye & Cosmetics offers a comprehensive selection of eye care services, from LASIK laser vision correction surgery to the treatment of complex eye conditions such as glaucoma and keratoconus. Our eyecare services extend to complete dry eye management, and contact lens dispensing. Moreover, we offer a number of cosmetic facial treatments, including Botox, Juvéderm, Latisse and Thermage.

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